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10 Survival Skills Need To Know When They’re Good In The Forest


People should equip themselves with 4 steps of preparation and 10 skills to survive in the forest if unfortunately one day get lost in the middle of the deep forest.

For the preparation stage, the first thing, we should learn about the area to explore. Studying the area map carefully and carrying it with you will increase your chances of finding the road in case you get lost. Furthermore, knowledge of the flora and fauna (such as which plants are edible, the habitat of dangerous animals to avoid) in the area is also essential.

- Make sure you eat well before going to the forest and tell someone where you are going, the estimated time to return and when to call the rescue police.

- Carry a means of communication such as a phone with a backup battery, a radio transmitter - it's the fastest way to call for help when you get lost or injured.

- Bring tools and equipment to help you survive in the forest such as knives, steel wires, whistles, blankets of space (thin and light but very well kept), mirrors, matches in waterproof boxes, la table ... Don't forget the first aid kit for personal wounds and the medicine because nothing can be said in the deep forest.

- If these preparatory steps are thoughtful plus the following 10 survival skills, when unlucky in the forest you can easily master the situation, helping others quickly find yourself.

1. Don't panic if you get lost

Panic is more dangerous than anything if you get lost in the forest, because it is interfering directly with the single and most useful tool in the mind. As soon as you realize you are lost, the first thing is to stop, take a deep breath and keep calm. Act on the principle of the abbreviation STOP:

S – (Sit down)

T – (Think)

O – (Observe your surroundings)

P – (Prepare for survival by gathering materials)

2. Determine the direction

Anywhere you stand can become strange to you, so find a way to mark it with a piece of clothing, a pile of rock or anything that can be seen from afar. Determine the direction based on the direction of the sun rising, setting, using a compass (compass needle clockwise starts at 12 o'clock in the order of North - East - South - West).

3. Stay in one place

This not only increases your chances of being found, it also conserves your body's energy, limits the amount of water and food you need to consume. Sit down and stay still. If you are with other people, you should never separate, the number always helps you survive in all situations.

Protect your skin by letting go of sleeves, wearing pants and covering your face from insect bites. Treat the wound as soon as possible, avoiding long-term infection.

4. Burn a bonfire

Keep it on fire for coal to keep warm for hours, don't think you don't need it even in warm conditions. Find dry firewood to split it into 3 piles to keep the fire in the dark. Make a moderate fire, to save firewood and avoid areas that are prone to forest fires. If the fire is strong enough, you can burn some fresh branches to create smoke, calling for the attention of the rescue force.

5. Create a rescue signal

Create a rescue signal by whistling, screaming, or smashing rocks together. Mark the location so others can see it from above. If you're on a mountain, make 3 piles of leaves form a triangle, in the desert draw a large sand triangle. Anything related to number 3 in the wilderness is a signal that calls for standard help.

For example, using fire to create signals, it can be 3 straight fires or 3 fires in a triangle. You can also blow the whistle 3 times, shoot the gun 3 times in the air (if available) or mirror the mirror 3 times.

On the other hand, it is possible to create a "trail" by marking stones, clothing fabrics. Avoid marking the road with food or fruit because it can attract wildlife, which is very dangerous.

6. Find out where you stand

Although it is advised not to move too much, you should also know your surroundings because you can find something useful. You can find someone leaving something before, which is useful in case you get lost.

Make sure you find your original spot when you look for water, take shelter or find your way back.

7. Find water

Normally you will be able to survive 3 days without water but by the end of the 2nd day, your body is already exhausted, so should look for water beforehand.

According to Travel Overseas, it is possible to find water based on the density of insects. Bees often build their nests a few miles from water sources and flies are usually about 100 meters. You may notice nearby birds because they like to fly around freshwater sources, or large erosion on the ground can lead to springs.

If not possible, you can drink the dew, dry the cloth in the mist and squeeze water. You can also find water in the rocks.

8. Clean the water

In the preparation step, you should bring a water purifier. If it is not available, you can boil water with a small pot, or water in plastic bottles and bask in the sun for 6 hours to kill all creatures. If you are poorer, you have to maintain your life with water, to avoid exhausting your body.

9. Find shelter

Find a fallen or inclined tree trunk, you can create a place by lining up large branches of trees and then shielding them with forest leaves. If possible, look for caves but make sure the cave has no bears, leopards, snakes ... or other unfriendly animals.

Make sure your shelter is still available for others to find. Don't take too much effort to make the perfect shelter, but provide enough space to keep your body warm.

10. Find safe food

Most healthy adults can survive up to 3 weeks without food in warm weather. You may be hungry but healthy will be better if you are sick. Therefore, make sure the food you eat is safe before putting it in your mouth.

Do not be afraid to eat insects and other bugs. Although you may find it disgusting to eat some grasshoppers, they provide helpful nutrition.

All insects must be cooked because they may contain parasites that can kill you. Do not eat any caterpillars, brightly colored insects, or any insects that can bite or sting you. Remove the legs, heads and wings of any insect before eating.

If you are near water, fish is a good choice. Avoid eating any mushrooms or fruits you see, no matter how hungry you are. Many fruits in the forest are toxic, especially the white ones.

It should also be noted that food should not be stored as river fish because it can attract wildlife up close.

Hopefully, with the above survival skills, you will help yourself survive if you miss the trekking. It is best to stick to the group, carefully prepare luggage and knowledge of trekking, learn the travel area and above all, be calm in all situations. I wish you always safe during the trip!