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What can happen when traveling and hanlding

What can happen when traveling and handling

When camping, what people never want are unforeseen circumstances. When faced with such situations, we should know how to handle them so as not to greatly affect the trip or human life. So, please follow below content how to traveling and handling.

1. Injured foot and hand

We often set up camping tents in the wilderness where there are children, so children often like to explore, learn or play. It's common for children to fall, but 2% of those falls can leave wounds, severe dislocations, broken arms, broken legs, etc. We must have first aid knowledge. or hands before going to the hospital

a. Symptom

- A scratching sound under the skin after an injury.

- Swelling and pain around the injury area.

- Bruise in place of injury.

- Deformed arms or legs.

- Pain in the injured area, pain increases when moving this area or there is pressure on it.

- Loss of regional injury function.

- When an open fracture occurs, the bone protrudes from the skin.

b. Handling:

- When that happens, we need to give first aid to the victim, but pay attention to the following principles:

- Quickly take victim out of danger.

- The brace used to fix the fracture must be long enough to immobilize the joint above and below the fracture.

- Tie the splint to the right of the fracture, below the fracture, upper joint and lower joint of the fracture..

- Do not attempt to undress the victim, if it is necessary to reveal the wound, cut the clothes in the direction of the thread (if you have to remove the undressed side first).

- Do not place the splint directly on the victim's skin. The protruding protruding bone, the pressure area must have cotton lining before placing the splint.

- The victim should then be transferred to a health facility for care.

2. Snake bite

Once bitten by a snake, regardless of the snake type, we must be very careful. If the bite's circumference causes intense pain, swelling, headache, dizziness, nausea, etc., it is possible that a venomous snake has bitten. Based on the shape of the snake that bites and identifies them: green snake, cobra, scorpion, scorpion ...

a. Symptom:

- The snake line or eczema, the victim at the wound feels painful very quickly.

- If it is a snake or a pair of dragons ..., the wound is less swollen and painful, but a few hours later the victim may die from suffocation due to a poison that coagulates, causes respiratory paralysis.

b. Handling:

- Calm should not move strong, toxins will work quickly in the body if the movement is strong and much.

- Use a bandage or a tight cloth bandage over 5cm of the snake bite.

- Disinfect bites with purple medicine or old oxygen, which i brought along. Spot can be removed with soapy water or any sour or sour water you have.

- Take a clean sharp disinfected knife (by fire is best) incise each fang of a cross shape (+) about 1cm long and 1.2cm deep.

- Using the mouth (no wounds on the mouth or inside, no cavities) suck the venom and spit it out in about 15 minutes. If you have a cupping tube, the better. Note: If you have been bitten by a poisonous snake after 30 minutes, this method cannot be used, trying to do it is considered useless.

- Give victim to coffee or tea.

- Wrap ice in a cloth and apply it around the snake bite.

3. High fever

a. Symptom:

- High fever has many causes, but a fever itself above 39 degrees Celsius can be dangerous, especially for young children.

b. Handling:

- For young children, ventilate the body by removing all clothes removed on the baby's cap.

- In adults only for wearing underwear.

- Apply a towel, cold or cool water to the head, chest, abdomen, thighs, groin and back of the neck - when the cold is gone, change another towel.

- Create cool for the patient by fan or create cool air.

- Stop fever-reducing measures when your body temperature drops below 38 degrees Celsius.

- Strengthening additional cold water, juice.

- Attention when fever from 40 degrees C or higher patients may appear convulsions.

- Must find a more positive way of applying ice.

- When the fever goes away, take the sick person to the nearest medical facility for examination to find out the cause.

- Do not give aspirin if the patient or stomach pain (upper abdomen).

4. Centipede Bite

A centipede is a reptile with many legs (hundreds of legs), and has sharp teeth. Sometimes centipedes crawl into tents and bite people.

a. Symptom: The bite has 2 small holes

- Mild: Severe pain bites and redness and can cause superficial necrosis at the site of bite for several weeks Causes itching, paresthesia, lymph node edema, but transient bleeding.

- Severe: People with fever and fatigue, body aches and shortness of breath. More severe are lymph nodes with enlarged lymph nodes, abdominal pain and nausea.

b. Handling:

- Wash with liquid soap or ammonia solution.

- Apply cold compresses to relieve soreness.

- If you don't get better, you should move into a hospital.

5. Scorpions bite

Scorpions are often found in the South, when setting up camping tents in the South, you need to clean the ground to remove all the leaves and holes of dry wood. Those places are usually home to scorpions. Scorpions contain a needle at the end of the tail, which contains extremely dangerous venom and there are some cases that can lead to death, one should not underestimate.

a. Symptom:

- People who get stung by scorpions experience soreness and swelling, runny nose, runny throat, vomit, numb tongue, headache, drowsiness, panting, maybe even coma, high fever. degrees, pancreatitis.

b. Handling:

- Find a way to remove the poison stinger.

- Wash the injection site clean, and apply a cold cloth.

- Treated by feeling slightly like a snake bite.

- It can be treated according to folklore by washing and crushing Dandelion and Dai thanh Diep to cover wounds.

- If you do not get better, you must rush to the hospital.

6. Bee bite

a. Symptom:

- Severe aches, redness, extreme fever, hoarseness, vomiting, restlessness or agitation; worse can be coma or death.

b. Handling:

- Find ways to pick up the stinger and poisonous bag of bees.

- It can be washed with one of the following types of water: Soapy water, ammonia solution, lime water or without water is fine.

- Dispers Aspirin and sprinkle it on the injection site to reduce pain.

- If it is a yellow bee, wash with fresh vinegar or onions.

- It can be treated according to folklore by washing and crushing the most Lost Flowers, Corolla Dandelion, Dandelion and Half Border to cover the wound.

- Ethnic people often try to kill a bee and tear it in two and apply it to the bite.

- Use sterile gauze to bandage the wound.

- If there are many stings, rush to the hospital.




How To Choose Tent For Picnic, Camping, Travel

How To Choose Tent For Picnic, Camping, Travel

How to choose the best camping tent for your trip or travel? we introduces you to the core tips for a professional camping tent.

camping tent

Tourist tents, picnics are no longer a strange item for locals, it is very important for the trip, a place to rest, avoid sunlight, rain and dew, wherever you are: Suburban, on the freeway, on the edge of a lake, by a stream or in the wilderness ... In other words, a tent is like a mobile home, in addition to combating weather elements that are harmful to backpackers, the tent is also against Unexpected factors when sleeping outdoors such as insects, reptiles, ... Imagine sleeping in the forest without a tent! You will face countless things that can fly, crawl, wiggle and even bite. Extremely terrible, right?

But to choose the right camping tent for your trip, don't simply go to the store and take one home. Because the tent has many types, with many characteristics, structures and different materials. In order to choose the most suitable tent, you need to have knowledge about your trip, understand your needs and knowledge of the characteristics of each tent, this article I will help you understand. That, guide you to distinguish and understand the characteristics of the popular tents on the market today.

1. HOW MUCH KIND OF TENT?

A lot of the writer's limited knowledge cannot tell all the types of tents currently in the world, even the criteria used to classify tents are endless, here we will talk about those The most basic type.

2. 3 SEASON TENT AND 4 SEASON TENT

3 season tent

- 3 SEASON TENT: A tent designed for use in spring, summer and autumn. With the design in favor of compact, lightweight. The characteristic of the 3-season tent is ventilation, the tent walls are usually designed to maximize the net area, enough to avoid direct wind on the user and help the air circulate in the tent. 3-season tent frames usually use lightweight priority materials like aluminum. The outer layer of the 3-season tent is often gaping design, when erected it is usually enough distance from the ground so that air and wind can still circulate while ensuring protection against rain and moisture. Material of 3-season tents are usually thin and light. The weight of a 3-season tent usually ranges from 1.5 to 3 kg.

4 season tent

- 4 SEASON TENT: Different from the name, this tent is usually only used for the winter (in temperate regions), other seasons nobody uses this type. To suit the harsh conditions of use such as strong winds, low temperatures, snow, ice, wet ... the 4-season tents are often sealed, with less mesh (but there are still some small mesh corners with shutters to cover Help regulate the atmosphere in the tent). The 4-season tent frame uses hard, strong-priority types such as aluminum alloy. 4-layer tent outside design sealed, close to the ground to prevent wind. 4-season tent material is usually thick, strong and heavy. Weights of 4-season tents are usually over 3 kg, some very heavy.


3. FREESTANDING TENT, NON-FREESTANDING TENT OR INSTANT TENT

- FREESTANDING TENT: The type of tent that when you put the frame on is a tent that can stand on its own (that is to use immediately) without the need to stretch and stake.

- NON-FREESTANDING TENT: In contrast to the above type, this type after assembling the frame will lie flat, want it to stand and use, you have to stretch the string and pile.

- INSTANT TENT: There is no need to do anything, just throw it out and it will burst into a tent for you to use. Of course it stands.

With my own experience I would recommend you to choose the first one: FREESTANDING TENT. This is the most popular type, because it obviously has more advantages than other types, more portable, more compact ... Imagine you want to camp along the highway, or you want to sleep thanks to the gas station, right on the concrete floor, or you simply want to pitch a tent on a very nice rock. This is not possible with NON-FREESTANDING TENT since it needs a soft ground where piles can be attached, otherwise it is not much different from a blanket, sometimes worse.

So, how about INSTANT TENT? It sounds full of technology and modernity, but slowly, along with convenience (or alternative complicity with laziness), it also has a terrible weakness, which is its large size. when folded. Because this type of feature is to integrate the die frame (usually plastic-wrapped steel wire) into the tent, so you cannot remove the frame but have to arrange the tent according to a predetermined method of the manufacturer, and trust me, type how easy it is to unfold, and when it's hard to fold it up, even if you don't have the manual on hand, it's almost impossible to fold it. And assuming you're smart enough to fit it, the size at the time of loading isn't for you if you're not a Carpenter.

4. SELECT SIZE (SIZE): 1 PERSON, 2 PERSON, 4 PERSON, 6 PERSON, 8 PERSON, 10 PERSON ...

camping tent

Any tent has its size, often converted by the manufacturer to the MAXIMUM who can fit in it. This makes it easier for customers to imagine and choose. However, there are a few points to note about the tent size that you need to know before choosing to buy.

       - Each manufacturer has a different way of redeeming. The same type of tent 4P (4 person - that is 4 people) but the tent of this company has a different size from the other company, sometimes the 4P tent of a company but 2 different product lines, the size is also different.

       -  Size parameters are important, if you know the size of the tent (Length x Width x Height) you do not need to care about the number of people converted.

       -  Number of people converted is the MAXIMUM number of people according to the manufacturer's design. It means that if a 2P tent can be used for 2 or 1 person, 4P tent is used for 4 or less 4 people, 6P tent is used for 6 or less 6 people…. So do not save a little money, but buy a 4P tent for 5 users instead of a 6P tent. It will be very cramped and uncomfortable for all 5 people, not to mention the risk of damage to the tent due to the insertion of the tent wall.

5. DOES THE PLACEMENT FRAME ARE IMPORTANT?

      - When buying a tent, the biggest mistake is that we are only interested in design, style, color, then fabric quality, water resistance, but we do not care about its frame. This is a very fatal mistake that can only come when you have arrived at the campsite to realize it.

      - A good tent frame needs to meet the first criteria of durability, then come to be sure, supple. A weak, fragile tent frame is like a person with osteoporosis, unable to do anything, working hard and afraid of breaking. And once the frame of the tent is broken, the tent will be discarded and cannot be used. In my opinion, a poor waterproof tent is still more useful than a tent with a brittle frame.

    - Tent frame is weak and easy to break, it will be difficult for you to use in high wind, when erecting tent, it must be very gentle and careful, do not bend sharply. When storing, carrying, moving must also be careful, not toss, pent. Everything must be careful because if you accidentally stepped on the tent frame and it broke, your trip will be very pathetic.

    - From a manufacturer perspective, the cost to make a good frame with high quality materials is almost half the value of the whole tent. So, a good framework often comes with a high price.

Which frame should you choose?

         Currently on the picnic tent market there are 2 main types:

+ Fiberglass:
 This is the most common type on the Vietnamese market; the composition of this material is usually plastic fiberglass (plastic). This frame type is usually imported from China.

he advantages of this type of frame are inexpensive, flexible, highly elastic and easy to process.
The weakness is brittle, brittle, easy to split, when broken creates a lot of splinters (glass fibers) can lead deeply into the skin, causing pain if accidentally held on the broken section, and the weight of this type is very heavy.

+ ALUMINUM FRAME:
 is a very popular frame in the world especially in developed countries. The reason for this type of frame is more expensive, complex production. There are many types of aluminum frames, divided according to the composition and shape characteristics of the frame, but for simplicity we just need to distinguish the aluminum frame based on the aluminum alloy code used to produce the frame. But mainly there are 2 main series are aluminum 6xxx series and 7xxx series.

tent frame 6x

Aluminum frame 6xxx: (the most common is 6001, 6005, 6065) is relatively cheap price, flexible, lightweight, hard to break, does not lose quality over time. The weakness is that the hardness is not high and the elasticity is less than 7xxx aluminum, easy to bend so after using the frame will be shaped or bent, some types will be pre-shaped by the manufacturer before leaving the factory. This curvature does not affect the quality and usability of the aluminum frame.

tent frame

7xxx aluminum frame: (The most popular is 7001, 7075) very light but very hard, excellent durability, very good elasticity, so it is difficult to bend when used except in case of deliberate bending over the boundary limit of the frame. The new 7001 frame is bent. The weakness is that the price is quite high so it is usually only equipped with high-class tents.

With the helpful when traveling, trekking, camping, picnic aluminum frame also shows much superiority than fiberglass frame. When you encounter an accident such as accidentally stepping on or plugging in a strong wind where you forget to use wires and poles, the fiberglass frame may break, but the aluminum frame is often bent, after bending with your hands you still have Normal use and your trip can still continue.

Which frame should you choose?

As I said above, it depends on the circumstances and requirements of each trip. You must consider the necessary and unnecessary factors to choose the appropriate tent such as: Budget, weather, terrain of the campsite, ... But to save for the next trip, you should choose one. The tent can cater for many trips with different conditions. I myself own a MADFOX TREKKER - 3-season, 2-layer tent, aluminum frame and it very well meets my regular Trekking and Camping needs.

Should I Choose a 1 Or 2 Layer Camping Tent?

Should I Choose 1 or 2 Layer Camping Tent?

camping tent

If you are looking to choose a camping tent for yourself and your loved ones, please read the article below. This article will compare you with the difference between 1-layer tents and 2-layer tents so that you have the best, most satisfied choice for your journey!

1. What is a camping tent?

Big Camping tent

Camping is divided into 2 forms:

- Mobile camping: people move to the campsite by means of transportation, transporting camping equipment such as BBQ stoves, dining tables, tents, water, food, ...

- Camping for a living: people move to the campsite with their feet, carrying backpacks and luggage on their backs, applying survival skills to find water and food around the campsite.

  • Regardless of the form of camping, people are required to equip the following:

    - Tent or tarpaulin to cover the body.

    - Sleeping bag.

    - Insulation mats / mats.

    - Ropes and small wires to hang things.

    - Compass, GPS, flashlight.

    - Small knives and axes for cutting and pruning trees for wood.

    - Outdoor cooking stoves.

    - Ambulance supplies.

Tents are now commonly used for picnics, camps or refugee camps. Some of them are tired of reality, want to leave civilized life to return to nature, they set up tents in the forest or on small islands, living life like Robinson.

1. 1-Layer Tent

As the name implies, this tent consists of only 1 layer of fabric. And since it only has a single layer of cloth but it wants to resist rain, it almost has no net, only a small piece of mesh on the roof of the tent and will be covered with a small cloth when it rains.

So the downside of the tent is that although the most compact but only 1 tent class is also the most mysterious type. For the sake of this, there are 1-layer tents with a 2-layer door design - 1 layer of mesh, 1 layer of fabric.

The biggest advantage of a single-layer tent is extremely compact and easy to use, so it takes only about 2-3 minutes to erect. And the price is cheap thanks to the simple design, using less material. Well-known tent manufacturers also produce 1-layer tents to meet a large number of customers who want compactness and simplicity. If you're just wandering around the suburbs or taking light, short-term trips, a one-layer tent is a good choice.

Tent 1 layer

* Note when choosing a 1-layer tent:

   - Because there is only one layer of fabric, the most important thing for this tent is waterproof. If the tent is not handled seam seam (the most expensive manufacturing stage in the tent sewing), just a little rain or dew is enough for a terrible experience.

   - In addition, the tent door is the weak point of a single-layer tent, because there is no outer layer, the rain can splash directly into the tent's door, no matter how good the design, usually a single-layer tent still can not withstand heavy rain. Because of this, if you buy a single-layer tent, you should only choose the one-door type, you can rotate the tent to avoid direct direction of rain on the door.

   - If you decide to choose a 1-layer, non-branded, branded tent to save money, it is a good idea to check the seam (especially the 4 sides of the tent) carefully. If you don't see a layer of glue covering the seam, think again before paying for it.


2. 2-Layer Tent

This is the standard design of tent types.

The only weakness compared to a one-layer tent is that the two-layer tent is usually heavier, the erection is a bit more complicated, it takes about 5-10 minutes to complete a 2-layer tent. However, you do not need to spend any time assembling.

The other features are 2-layer tents superior than 1-layer tents.

The inner layer is often designed with a lot of mesh area so it is very airy. The outer layer is often handled by seam straightening, so the rain resistance will be guaranteed. In addition, because of the characteristics of two layers of material, dew condensation in the tent is limited. And an equally important point is that two-layer tents are usually beautiful and have a solid, more professional appearance than the monotony of single-layer tents.

Tent 2 layer

* Note when choosing a 2-layer tent

 - Just like a 1-layer tent, you also have to carefully check each seam of the 2-layer tent, especially the outer layer.

- See if the seams are handled with glue. If the seams are not glued, it is likely that they are fake, fake, or defective goods that are to be marketed. Also note the nets in the tent's inner layer.

 - Try building and checking if the outer layer covers all the net area of ​​the tent or not, because otherwise you will suffer with rain and wind when using.